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Huludao Overview

Overview of Huludao

Established in January 1990 and under the jurisdiction of Liaoning province, Huludao city is a new city administrating Xingcheng city, Suizhong county, Jianchang county, Lianshan district, Longgang district and Nanpiao district. The city covers an area of 10,415km2 and has a population of 2.8 million. Geographical orientation of the city center is east longitude 120°38 ' and north latitude 40°56 ' which is a superior geographical location. Huludao city is located in the southwest of Liaoning province with Jinzhou at its east, Shanhaiguan at its west and Liaodong Ba of Bohai Sea at its south. Huludao city, together with Dalian city, Yingkou city, Qinhuangdao city and Qingdao city etc., forms the Bohai-rim Economic Circle. Holding the strategic Shanhaiguan pass, Huludao city is the western gate to northeast China, making itself the first city to the west of the Shanhaiguan pass.

Pleasant Climate

Climate of Huludao city is the north temperate continental monsoon climate. The annual average temperature of the whole city is 9.6℃, with the lowest temperature in January and the highest temperature in July. Average annual temperature of each region gradually decreases from the coastal area to the inland area. Average annual precipitation of the city is 576.8 mm. Precipitation from June to August accounts for about 66.5% of the annual precipitation which gradually reduces from the coast area to the inland area. Average annual sunshine duration of the city is 2630.6 hour and frost - free period is 180.5 days. Huludao city has complex and diverse topography with big difference for distribution of temperature and precipitation.

In 2018, the average temperature of the whole city is 9.2 ~ 10.1℃ which is close to average perennial level. Annual extreme minimum temperature is -25℃ which occurred in Xingcheng on January 26 and the annual extreme maximum temperature is 37.9℃ which occurred in Suizhong on August 2. Annual precipitation of the year varies from 372 mm to 645 mm with uneven spatial and temporal distribution. Annual precipitation of Suizhong and Jianchang is slightly higher than the perennial level while annual precipitation of Xingcheng and Lianshan is less than the perennial level 30%. Annual sunshine hours (2605 ~ 2834) of the year in coastal areas is higher than previous years by (10~138). However, annual sunshine hours of Jianchang are less than the perennial level by 17 hours.

Rich Mineral Deposits and Abundant Products

Mineral resources discovered and verified in Huludao city is up to 51 kinds, among which 30 kinds has been developed and utilized. Main mineral species are coal, molybdenum, lead, zinc, sulfur, manganese, gold, limestone, bentonite, Yixing, living clay and various stone and brick clay etc. for construction. The newly proved reserves of Yixing and bentonite are 80 million tons and 50 million tons respectively, which are mainly distributed in Daxing township, Jinxing town and Gangyaoling town of Nanpiao district. The city is rich in oil and natural gas resources, with geological reserves of natural gas reaching 13.5 billion m3 and recoverable reserves of 9.5 billion m3. Geological reserves of condensate oil are 3.32 million tons and the recoverable amount is 1.17 million tons. Geological reserves of crude oil are 4.52 million tons and the recoverable reserves are 550,000 tons. The oil and gas resources are mainly distributed in the sea area between the Lianshan district of Liaodong bay and Suizhong County which is a constituent part of the oil resources of the Liaodong bay sea area.

Strong Coastal Industry

Currently, there are 18 large-scale enterprises in the city, among which 3 are super large enterprises (namely the Refinery and Petro-chemical Plant, Bohai Shipbuilding Heavy Industry Co., Ltd and Jinxi Chemical Plant). The industrial pattern of simultaneous development of both heavy industry and light industry covering extensive fields with petroleum and chemical industry as the main body and metallurgy, building materials, machinery, shipbuilding and power generation as the key categories has been formed. According to preliminary calculations, the GDP of the city in 2017 was 68.86 billion yuan, an increase of 21.2.0 percent over the previous year in terms of comparable prices. Total output value of light industry was 5.63 billion yuan, a drop of 8.5% over the previous year. Total output value of heavy industry was 63.23 billion yuan, an increase of 24.8% over the previous year. In the aspect of category, Total output value of the mining industry enterprises above designated size was 2.61 billion yuan, an increase of 8.3% over the previous year. Total output value of the manufacturing industry enterprises above designated size was 66.25 billion yuan, an increase of 21.8% over the previous year. Total output value of the power and heat production and supply industry was 6.31 billion yuan, an increase of 8.0% over the previous year. Grouped by ownership, total output value of state-owned enterprises was 160 million yuan, the same as that of the previous year. Total output value of collective enterprises was 530 million yuan, an increase of 6.0%. Total output value of joint-stock cooperative enterprises was 0.8 billion yuan, an increase of 33.3%. Total output value of joint-stock enterprises was 65.50 billion yuan, an increase of 23.1%; Total output value of enterprises invested by foreign investors and those from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan reached 2.21 billion yuan, an increase of 20.1%. Total output value of enterprises of other economic types was 380 million yuan, a drop of 64.5%.Total output value of state-holding enterprises was 41.76 billion yuan, an increase of 30.2%. The delivery value of industrial export was 5.85 billion yuan, an increase of 128.5%.

Colorful Tourism Scenery

The historical changes and social development have left Huludao city with a large number of cultural relics and scenic spots. Tourist spots like the Great Wall at Jiumenkou (the water-borne great wall which is well-known at home and abroad) , Xingcheng ( also known as the "second Beidaihe") and the Jieshi Palace Relics bult during the eastern expedition of Qinshihuang (first emperor of the Qin Dynasty) and Wu-ti (a great emperor of the Han Dynasty) with archaeological value matching the Imperial Palace and the Great Wall are all located within Huludao territory. Based on this, there are more than 30 coastal scenic spots and attractions along the costal line forming Huludao's characteristic with time-honored scenic spots and historic sites and charming corridor. The Ningyuan ancient city which was built in Xingcheng in the third year of the reign of emperor Xuande of the Ming dynasty (year 1428) is one of the most well-preserved ancient cities that were built in the Ming dynasty. Xingcheng hot spring, which has a history of more than 1,300 years and rich in more than 10 minerals with outlet temperature of 70℃, is honored as "natural holy water". The original-ecological beach stretches 60 kilometers, with 14 natural seaside resorts. As the largest island in Liaodong bay, Juehua Island covers a total area of 15 square kilometers with lush Bodhi tree on the island. It is known as the famous "Buddha Island in northern China" and one of the ten "most beautiful islands" in China.

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